Most people think that Romans invented the arch. However, we find the first evidence already from the Etruscan and Sumerian times. In spite of that, only the Romans understood its enormous architectural potential. In fact, by combining simple materials such as brick or stone, with art and science, the Romans used the arch greatly because it possessed according to Vitruvius “firmitas, utilitas et venustas“: solidity, utility and beauty.
Depending on the size, design and use of the arch construction, the arch can take different shapes. The most common types of arch in our area are: